In 1895, a younger man from West Virginia, Carter G. Woodson, who labored as a coal miner whereas attending highschool, enrolled at Berea School.

Woodson is taken into account the daddy of Black Historical past Week and the crusader of Black Historical past Month.

The son of former slaves, Woodson attended faculty half time, whereas educating at a faculty that Black miners in West Virginia organized for his or her youngsters. He acquired a bachelor’s diploma from Berea in 1903.

As a baby, Woodson’s household moved to Huntington, West Virginia, after his mother and father discovered a faculty was being constructed there for Black youngsters.

He acquired his schooling throughout the four-month time period that was customary for Black colleges on the time. At 19, having taught himself English fundamentals and arithmetic, Woodson entered highschool, the place he accomplished a four-year curriculum in two years.

After graduating from Berea School, Woodson continued his schooling on the College of Chicago, the place he earned a second bachelor’s diploma and in 1908 was awarded a grasp’s diploma in European Historical past.

He then continued his research on the Sorbonne in Paris, France, and at Harvard College the place he earned a Ph.D. in historical past in 1912. He was the second African-American to earn a doctorate from Harvard. (W.E.B. DuBois was the primary in 1907.)

As an educator, Woodson devoted himself to the research and promotion of Black historical past, which was largely ignored by most students. Disturbed that historical past textbooks largely ignored America’s Black inhabitants, Woodson took on the problem of writing Black People into the nation’s historical past.

To additional that trigger, in 1915 he helped type the Affiliation for the Research of Negro Life and Historical past, later the Affiliation for the Research of Afro-American Life and Historical past. The following yr he established the Journal of Negro Historical past.

Woodson additionally fashioned the Black-owned Related Publishers Press in 1921 and would write greater than a dozen books, together with “A Century of Negro Migration” (1918), “The Historical past of the Negro Church” (1921), “The Negro in Our Historical past” (1922) and “Mis-Training of the Negro” (1933).

Along with analysis and writing, Woodson served as principal of Armstrong Handbook Coaching College in Washington, D.C., earlier than changing into a dean at Howard College in Washington and for the West Virginia Collegiate Institute.

To advertise the educating of Black historical past, Woodson pushed for every week of emphasis in February, between the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln, Feb. 12, and Frederick Douglass, Feb. 20.

Finally, Negro Historical past Week would develop into Black Historical past Month, and most faculties of upper studying would incorporate programs or majors in Black research into their curricula.

Woodson died April 3, 1950, on the age of 74 and is buried at Lincoln Memorial Cemetery in Suitland, Maryland.

At the moment, Berea’s Carter G. Woodson Middle for Interracial Training helps keep it up the legacy of the previous coal miner who grew to become an early black historical past scholar and the daddy of what’s now Black Historical past Month.

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